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Volume 7, Issue 6, December 2019, Page: 202-206
Sacro-coccygeal Teratoma in a Child of 6 Months: A Case Report
Mfouou Azoo Frederic, Douala Gynaeco-Pediatric Hospital, Douala, Cameroon
Engbang Ndamba Jean Paul, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon; Laquintinie Hospital of Douala, Douala, Cameroon
Essola Basile, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon
Chichom-Mefire Alain, Douala Gynaeco-Pediatric Hospital, Douala, Cameroon; Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
Ngowe Ngowe Marcelin, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon; Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, The University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon
Received: Nov. 15, 2019;       Accepted: Dec. 20, 2019;       Published: Dec. 31, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.js.20190706.20      View  306      Downloads  104
Abstract
Sacro-coccygeal teratoma (SCT) is a type of tumor which mostly occurs in newborn babies. The vast majority of this type of tumor is benign. That pathology can be diagnosed antenatally or at birth. Teratomas, especially those diagnosed in the neonatal period, occur most frequently in the sacrococcygeal region. Clinically in many cases, we can observe a large swelling (mass) in the sacrococcygeal region. In some cases, there are signs of compression following by the displacement of the rectum and pelvic organs. Alphafetoprotein is the main biological test used. In association morphologically by echography, CT-scan, MRI and others, the tumor is classified. The classification used is the topographical one of TSCs, which was proposed by Altman to the American Academy of Pediatric Surgery. The mainstay of therapy is the complete surgical removal. We present a case of a newborn (6 months), female, with teratoma sacro-coccygeal. At birth the baby was noticed to have large swelling (mass), without any sign of compression of others organs. Clinical and paraclinical signs permitted us to conclude of a SCT type II of Altman’s classification. A surgery was performed with a sacral approach. Histologically, tumors were classified into good (mature) category.
Keywords
Sacro-coccygeal Teratoma, Child, Mature
To cite this article
Mfouou Azoo Frederic, Engbang Ndamba Jean Paul, Essola Basile, Chichom-Mefire Alain, Ngowe Ngowe Marcelin, Sacro-coccygeal Teratoma in a Child of 6 Months: A Case Report, Journal of Surgery. Vol. 7, No. 6, 2019, pp. 202-206. doi: 10.11648/j.js.20190706.20
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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